Adult Education and Disability Terms and Acronyms

ABI Acquired Brain Injury
Access The means by which a person can participate
ACE Adult Community Education
ACE Vic Victorian peak body for adult community education management
ACFE Adult Community Further Education - Victorian government body providing direction and funding for non accredited adult community education
Advocacy To act or speak on behalf of another
ALA Adult Learning Australia - national peak body
ANHLC Association of Neighbourhood Houses and Learning Centres - Victorian peak body
ARATA Australian Rehabilitation and Assistive Technology Association. Their purpose is to serve as a forum for information sharing and liaison between people who are involved with assistive technology
Assistive technology Technology that enables people with disability to be better included e.g. computer screen reading technology
ATSS Adult Training Support Services. Provide day training and activities, sometimes also accommodation and employment services
Augmentative communication Methods of communication which don’t use speech e.g. communication boards
Assisted communication Method of communication whereby the person is assisted in their communication by another person
Auslan A sign language
Citizen Advocacy A program for matching volunteers as advocates to people with disability
Communication board A board, usually with letters and words or pictures, which can be used by someone with no speech
Communication book A book kept by an individual listing the gestures and signs that person uses to communicate
CAT team Crisis Assistance and Treatment team to treat emergency psychiatric cases (usually when either the person or a member of the public is in physical danger)
CRU Community Residential Unit. Accommodation, usually for three or four ( but sometimes more), for people with disability living in a supported environment
DDA DDA Disability Discrimination Act 1992
Deinstitutionalisation Traditionally: the policy and practice of transferring people with disability from long term custodial care to care in community settings
Discrimination Discrimination happens when a person is treated less favourably than others because the person has a disability
Equity The means whereby all people are treated impartially
HREOC Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (now the Australian Human Rights Commission)
IPP Individual Program Plan: funding allocated to people with disability for their support needs
LRA Least restrictive alternative. The situation which provides a person with the greatest degree of freedom
Makaton A sign language
Neighbourhood Houses Community education centres run by volunteer committees of management
Normalisation Term coined by Nirje in the late 1960’s to describe how each person has a right to experience a life style that is normal within their culture
Self advocacy People with disability working towards obtaining their own rights
Skills Victoria Government body responsible for planning, regulation and delivery of a range of education and training programs in Victoria
Social Theory of Disability Theory that states that disability results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others,
SRV Social Role Valorisation. A theory established by Wolfsenberger in 1970’s which involves establishing valued roles for people who are not valued by society
Systems Advocacy Advocacy which works for the rights of a whole category of people with disability rather than working on behalf of an individual
TADVIC Technical Aid to the Disabled. Organisation whose volunteer members design, construct or modify equipment for people with disability provided no commercially available product or service meets their needs
VALBEC The Victorian Adult Literacy and Basic Education Council